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Cocoa Matters - World Cocoa Foundation

Cocoa Matters – World Cocoa Foundation

The 2019 World Cocoa Foundation Partnership meeting was held in Berlin, Germany in October. You can find out more by following this link:

Automatic Retailing Last Minute Offers


Christmas 2019 Automatic Retailing

CHRISTMAS 2019 Automatic Retailing

Coca Cola Special Offer


Britvic pack changes

York Emporium wins Gold Award!

The team at NIVO would like to congratulate York Emporium on winning Gold in the Producers & Makers segment at the White Rose Awards last night – Ross Macdonald kindly accepted the award.

The York emporium, who are part of The Upton Group, are coffee roasters and tea specialists who are committed to providing you with the perfect cup. Their coffee is roasted daily in small batches at their artisan roastery in York and the speciality loose leaf teas are selected from the best estates from around the world to suit all manner of tastes. 

The White Rose Awards are the largest tourism awards ceremony in the UK. An opportunity for Yorkshire to showcase the best and brightest it has to offer, the standard grows year on year as it continues to wow.

You can read more here:

And if you would like to know more about the York Emporium you can visit their site here:


Nupik Flo – iPlastic won an innovation award last week.

Innovative Packaging Design of the Year Winner iPlastic

We are pleased to share the following message from Nupik Flo:

‘We are delighted to have won the Food Matters Live 2019 award for innovative packaging design of the year with our new range of fully recyclable and biodegradable tumblers’.

Please get in touch if you would like to know more about them!

Fern Timmins

NAMA – aims to increase healthy snacks in US vending machines

Vending machines in the US will soon be required to contain increased amounts of healthy snacks, following a new public health commitment launched by the National Automatic Merchandising Association (NAMA).

Launched with the support of non-profit organisations the Partnership for a Healthier America and the Alliance for a Healthier Generation, the commitment will require at least one-third of all snacks in a vending machine to meet “at least two publicly recognised health standards”, which would classify the snacks as ‘better for you’ products.

According to a statement from NAMA – which represents over 1,000 companies in the convenience services industry – the commitment will be implemented over the next three years, and will increase the availability of ‘better for you’ offerings by 40% when compared to current levels.

The overarching goal of the commitment is to meet the increased consumer demand for healthier choices and reduce obesity rates, the primary target of both non-profits supporting the scheme.

NAMA CEO Carla Balakgie said: “There are nearly four million vending machines serving snacks and beverages every day, 24/7, across this country.

“Vending is everywhere consumers work, play and live and NAMA regards this initiative as a bold, ambitious, and meaningful step to meet the growing consumer demand for healthier choices.”

Greg Sidwell, NAMA chair added: “In the months and years ahead, we will continue to work with our members to measure the results of this commitment to deliver a meaningful increase in the number of ‘better for you’ options in the marketplace.

“We’ll also continue to work collaboratively with public health partners, and to engage with food manufacturers to encourage them to support this important initiative through new products that meet the commitment.”

Radnor Hills – Radnor Fruits cans have arrived!

We are getting in touch to let you know our Radnor Fruits cans are now LIVE! Our market leading school compliant drink has been reborn; we have redesigned and reformatted our Fruits range into 330ml cans to give another alternative soft drink within schools. This joins our Radnor Fizz range as well as our existing Radnor Fruits which is already available in 125ml & 200ml TETRA.

Our new range has taken inspiration from targeting an older demographic of children and teens with a different offer of a still range in a can, an offering currently missing from school drinks.
We have rationalised the range down to 4 main flavours with the possibility to expand at a later date.
Not only are these flying in schools but we are excited to launch them outside of Education as well – as another great healthy drinks option.

Get in touch to find out more!

Kellogg – Support for Breakfast Clubs

Kellogg Blog Support for Breakfast Clubs

To find our more go to our website


Apogee International Ltd celebrates 25 years in the industry!

Apogee International Ltd

‘A quarter of a century in business!’

Hertfordshire based vending company Apogee International Ltd celebrates 25 years in the industry this month. In theory that’s a long time but anyone in the industry knows that people rarely leave once they’re in it! Something I personally realised when recently congratulated (via a LinkedIn alert how else in 2019) on my 10 years with the business!

In case any of you think 25 years isn’t that long ago, just think back to what 1994 was like…

In the cinema, Pulp Fiction, Four Weddings and a Funeral and the original Lion King were released. Tim Berners-Lee invented the World Wide Web and Yahoo was founded. Most people used dial-up online services like AOL where you paid for every minute you used – when it would work. There were no thumb drives or cloud storage. Instead, you backed up files on a floppy disk. Email was very expensive so in the office the fax machine was making that annoying screeching noise all day every day.

And finally there was no streaming or Netflix. In fact no DVDs either as they were introduced the following year. Instead you went to the video shop and hoped you didn’t get a copy that had been watched too many times and didn’t play properly

Vending however has been a constant throughout that time. The technology and look of the machines has developed considerably but the need has stayed the same. People have to eat and drink. And they have to work/go about daily life at the same time. The main difference is the non-food/promotional projects we now get involved in. The possibilities with these is endless.

“This is a significant milestone for any company” said ‘David Wood, CEO (known to many in the industry simply as ‘Woody’) we are proud to have been a consistent, trusted part of the industry for a quarter of a century. Thank you to everyone who has supported Apogee over the years. Many of whom have been by the company’s side since day one. These include all our major suppliers and all our customers. Special mentions to Brian Savage of TVS for not only his continuous service support but also the advice and encouragement and Peter Quinney of Quintus Systems for giving us that first lead to get started.”

Aquabeve update

Aquabeve would like to share their updated information on the New Inspiration Refresh with R600 gas, from £95 per machine.

For further information please contact Eddie Roberts:

Inspirations Bottled water and filtration (POU) dispenser.


  • 2.0L stainless steel hot tank with all SS fittings between hot and cold tanks
  • 3.8L polished stainless steel cold tank
  • High quality, high output refrigeration and heating system
  • R600a CARE 10 refrigerant
  • Water is dispensed through industry standard Tomlinson style faucets that allow hot and cold or cook and cold options
  • Easily converts to and from bottled water to filtration (POU)
  • No external base plate
  • Available in black (white, special order)
  • Cup dispenser (option)
  • Energy star rated hot tank with On/Off switch
  • CE listed
  • NoLeak EZ-Fill – Patented no spill adapter for use with no-spill bottle caps


Suzo Happ Vendex North 2019

Vendings History


Before we get started on the history, let’s just think about what vending is. Essentially, it’s an automated method of receiving something in return for depositing money. The accepted definition of vending is ‘an automatic machine that provide items such as snacks, confectionery, drinks and cigarettes to consumers, who deposit money in return for the items’.

What A Hero

From that point of view, it sounds like a 20th century innovation. But it’s not. As with many other things the Greeks and Romans were up to it well before then. The earliest mention of a vending type machine is by the engineer and mathematician Hero of Alexandria, who lived in first century Roman Egypt. He invented a machine that accepted a coin and then dispensed holy water.

It seems like he was ahead of his time though, as vending didn’t really catch on in a big way until the Victorians used innovations in mechanical engineering to create machines to dispense books, newspapers, stamps and postcards. The first machine to be widely distributed was invented by Percival Everitt in 1883 and soon became popular at railway stations and post offices, vending postcards, notepaper and envelopes. This was followed by the Sweetmeat Automatic Delivery Company, founded in 1887 in England, the first company to deal primarily with the installation and maintenance of vending machines. The idea was catching on.

USA, Germany and Japan

At the same time, innovations were taking place in the USA, Germany and Japan. In the US, the Thomas Adams Gum Company developed machines which were placed on subway platforms in New York City and vended Tutti Frutti gum. In Germany it was chocolate that drove the development of vending and by 1893, Stollwerck had placed some 15 000 chocolate vending machines across the country. Cigarettes, matches, chewing gum and soap products swiftly followed the chocolate. By this time, vending was here to stay. Vending machines were a good way of stimulating further business on the railways and vending and the railway network expanded hand in hand.

Over in Japan innovation was taking place along similar lines, where Tawaraya Koshiki created the first Japanese vending machine in Baken (now Shimonoseki) in 1888. This machine used Japanese traditional wind-up dolls to dispense tobacco.

The next major development came from the USA, where in the 1930’s the first cooler vending machines appeared to sell fizzy drinks, originally cooled by ice cubes but swiftly followed by the refrigerated machine. Driven by brands such as Coca-Cola, these businesses were quick to take advantage of the new opportunity for 24/7 sales.

In fact, major innovation from here on in was led by the US as vending in the UK was largely confined to confectionary on railway platforms and ladies’ toiletries, for several decades.

The next milestone was the invention of hot drink vending machines, which opened up a whole new market. The first hot drinks vending machine was called the ‘Kwik Kafe’ made by the Rudd-Melkian company in 1947 and this time the concept caught on rapidly – by 1955 there were more than 60 000 hot drinks vending machines in the US. These early machines used instant coffee powder or liquid and also vended creamer and sugar.

In Japan too rapid development was made in the 1950’s, where the cultural addiction to vending machines really took off. From this point, Japanese culture adopted vending to an extent not seen in other countries, with everything from eggs, to umbrellas to underwear and footwear, through every type of food and drink, was now available through vending.

Analogue Dating

By the 1990’s Japan’s love affair with vending extended to the love affair itself – you could get a date through a vending machine. Men submitted an application form, which would then be replicated 30 times and placed in 30 ‘Happy Guy’ vending machines around Tokyo – for which women paid to receive the details (Japan Powered/Thornton 1992).

Today’s Technology

In the 21st century, it’s technology that has driven innovation and vending has adapted to keep up with changing marketplaces. Cashless vending maximises spend and modern telemetry enables just-in-time management of stocks and touch screen panels make ordering easy. Quality too has vastly improved with modern vending machines making fresh bean/brew style drinks that give the High Street brands a run for their money. New innovations featuring video messaging, including advertising messages and video games, are also now used on screen.

Reverse Vending Machines

The most recent adaptation of the vending concept has come in the form of reverse vending machines, which accept a product back and dispense money. This has been driven by the environmental agenda, encouraging citizens to return used packaging for which there is a value and a market. These are set to multiply as legislation around deposit return schemes and recycling takes effect around the world. Find out more about the world of vending at

Vending Statistics #IVW


The UK

1. In the UK we have one vending machine for every 55 people

2. The half a million vending machines in the UK vend more than 7 billion items a year

3. Every single day in the UK, more than eight million cups of coffee and two million cups of tea are served from UK vending machines (1-3 source

4. The total revenue generated from vending in the UK in 2018, was £1.47 billion, up 2.6% vs 2017

5. Ongoing premiumisation in Hot Beverage through growth in bean-to-cup and table top have translated into above inflation rise in price

6. Cold Beverage enjoyed growth due to the extended hot summer heat wave

7. Premium Coffee-to-Go continues to grow apace, with independent operators now gaining significant share. The acquisition of Costa Coffee by Coca Cola, and Nestlé’s acquisition of the right to market Starbucks products are likely to drive this sector faster and further

8. The industry is taking the focus on single use packaging very seriously: cup recycling is set to increase dramatically in 2019, and the use of re-usable cups is also being strongly promoted

9. Cashless continues to increase penetration into the base. Where fitted, cashless sales now account for 45% of transactions and a higher average value than cash

10. The penetration of telemetry is also growing and its uses are expanding. ‘Smart’ vending, with dynamic route planning will soon become significant

11. Ongoing industry consolidation with Selecta acquiring Express Vending and Gem Vending, and Montagu Group acquiring Cambridge Vending and the trade and assets of Uvenco UK.

4-11 The UK Vending Sector 2018 Report – courtesy of the AVA

The United States

1. The vending industry is a $30 billion-a-year industry, employing 700,000 people who work at an estimated 13,500 companies

2. 100 million Americans will use one of 7 million vending machines each day


1. The total amount of vending machines in Russia today is 178,000

2. According to forecasts this number will reach 205,000 by 2020

3. The annual revenue of the vending machine market in Russia in 2018 was 52.9 billion rubles

4. In Russia, vending machines sell 3.2 million products per day

5. Vending machine penetration in Russia is low: one machine for approximately 815 people , compared with the European average of 190 people per machine

The Russian National Vending Association (RNVA)


1. Japan is the country that has the highest ratio of vending machines to landmass in the entire world.

2. Japan is home to 5.52 million vending machines

3. Vending machines have been used to sell questionable items in Japan, such as hallucinogens and piracy devices

4. Vending machines in Japan are called “jidouhanbaiki” (自動販売機) or by the shorter “jihanki” (自販機), the machines are a feature of the landscape wherever you go in Japan.

5. There is approximately 1 vending machine per every 23 people, according to the Japan Vending Machine Manufacturers Association

6. There are five key reasons why there are so many vending machines in Japan:

a. There is very little vandalism in Japan so machines are safe

b. The Japanese work very long hours and convenience is key – they can grab something whilst they are out and about

c. Anyone can apply to set up a vending machine and lots of people do this as a side-line to their main job

d. Things are kept neat and tidy – Specialised maintenance companies make sure that there’s no litter, restock the machines regularly and perform all sorts of other maintenance-related tasks. It’s a system that works so flawlessly, you’ll be hard-pressed to find an overflowing trashcan or malfunctioning machine, making vending machines almost ridiculously reliable. (source Japan Live)

e. Prices are kept low, despite Japan’s reputation for things being expensive

The Quirkiest

From treat and trinkets to underpants in Boston and hugs in Singapore…. the quirkiest things vending include:

· Fresh eggs

· Pet rhinoceros beetles

· Hugs (in Singapore)

· Original artworks from the Smithsonian Museum in Washington DC at $5 a shot

· Ballet flats, originally found in Las Vegas and now widely available – for those whose heels prove a step too far whilst out dancing the night away…

· Underwear: visitors arriving through the South Station bus and train terminal in Boston can purchase underpants, T shirts, socks, scarves etc from Automatic Apparels automated ‘clothing store’ (

· Wedding day essentials including re-sizeable wedding rings, grab and go speech, one size fits all dress and something old, something new, something borrowed, something blue. (Premier Inn, London County Hall)

· Handwritten letters sealed with wax and a sprig of lavender at 25 cents each from The Boise Public Library

Find out more about the world of vending at

International Vending week #IVW


The vending industry turns over approximately £1.5 billion in the UK annually and is benefitting from rapid technological change. To champion this dynamic market and communicate some of the exciting innovations happening within the industry, Vendex is launching International Vending Week 23-30 October 2019.

Phil Reynolds, Director of the biannual Vendex vending trade shows and founder of International Vending Week comments:

“Having been a part of the vending industry for decades I am acutely aware of the changes in distribution, technology and machine manufacture that are contributing to the vibrancy of this sector.

“Vending can suffer from a legacy perception of poor quality hot vends and frustrations at scrambling for change but today’s is far removed from this. Cashless payment systems and a selection of customisable coffee options on a par with high street coffee shops are just two areas where change has been significant and made the industry what it is today; a competitor to the high street and a major player in the ‘grab and go’ food sector.

“International Vending Week is a celebration of significant improvements across the vending industry worldwide and an opportunity to raise the profile of vending. We have support from vending associations across the globe including Europe, Asia and North America, are compiling case studies from industry sectors using vending such as travel, education, corporate and healthcare and are conducting a survey of both vending users and vending suppliers. We have a webpage dedicated to International Vending Week with details of all the activity.” International Vending Week begins on the 23 October and culminates in the Vendex North exhibition which is being held for the first time in the Centenary Pavilion at Leeds United Football Club on Wednesday 30 October.

For more information visit

Nestlé commitment on World Mental Health day.

Nestlé UK & Ireland has marked its ongoing commitment to talk about mental health.

On World Mental Health day, Nestlé UK & Ireland marked the commitment by signing the Time to Change pledge.

The pledge, set up by Time to Change and led by mental health charity’s Mind, and Re think Mental Health is a public commitment to change the way we think and act about mental health in the workplace.

Read the full press release here:

Ferrero commitment to packaging

Luxembourg, Thursday 10th October 2019, The Ferrero Group releases its 10th Corporate Social Responsibility Report and announces a new commitment to make all packaging 100% reusable, recyclable or compostable by 2025. Through the 10th CSR Report, Ferrero once again demonstrates its commitment to positively contributing to the planet and the people it works with through its social responsibility strategy: “Sharing values to create value”.

The new commitment on packaging further enhances the Ferrero approach to the continuous improvement of our packaging footprint and it fits into our strategy aimed at minimizing our environmental impact, from raw materials to production plants and logistics, along the entire value chain.

As part of today’s announcement, Ferrero is proud to have signed the Ellen MacArthur Foundation’s New Plastics Economy Global Commitment and is sharing the Foundation’s vision of a circular economy for plastics, where plastics never become waste, and the need for action across the entire supply chain. In signing the New Plastics Economy Global Commitment, Ferrero wants to play an active role and also commits to eliminating problematic or unnecessary plastic packaging through redesign, innovation, and new delivery models.

“Ferrero has always taken a responsible approach to delivering high-quality product experiences that positively contribute to both today and tomorrow’s society. This belief continues to drive us towards a responsible value chain by sourcing sustainably, producing sustainably and now by further strengthening our commitment to more sustainable packaging. We are pleased to announce our commitment towards 100% reusable, recyclable or compostable packaging by 2025 and signing The New Plastics Economy Global Commitment with the Ellen MacArthur Foundation allows us to support the acceleration towards a circular economy” said Giovanni Ferrero, Executive Chairman of the Ferrero Group.

Lapo Civiletti, CEO of the Ferrero Group added: “We have growth ambitions and what is key is instilling sustainability throughout our entire business. This new commitment for packaging is an important step to achieving this.”

“The New Plastics Economy Global Commitment unites businesses, governments and others behind a clear vision of a circular economy for plastic. We are pleased Ferrero is joining us, by setting concrete 2025 targets. Our vision is for a world where plastic never becomes waste or pollution. It will be a challenging journey, but by coming together we can eliminate the plastics we don’t need and innovate, so the plastics we do need can be safely and easily circulated – keeping them in the economy and out of the environment.”Sander Defruyt, Lead of the New Plastics Economy initiative at the Ellen MacArthur Foundation

To achieve this new challenging commitment, Ferrero will engage its entire group, suppliers and partners. Investments in R&D and Open Innovation, as well as working in partnerships, will drive the Ferrero strategy to eliminate unnecessary plastic packaging without compromising the quality and freshness of its products.

In line with its global commitment, Ferrero will implement the following initiatives as part of a roadmap towards 2025:

R&D and Open Innovation
Reimagining products and packaging to meet the expectations of today’s consumer means putting innovation at the center of our efforts. We are investing further in the R&D and Open Innovation departments to:
• Eliminate unnecessary plastic packaging
• Maximize use of recycled materials where this is safe for our consumers
• Explore projects to test new compostable packaging materials for targeted applications, with focus on marine compostable solutions

To boost local plant waste recycling initiatives Ferrero is partnering with several actors, such as recyclers, national waste management systems, non-food companies to:
• Explore applications for difficult to recycle packaging structures
• Identify projects to use plant packaging waste to ensure circularity at the lowest environmental impact

Global and Local Activations
Ferrero will continue to engage with its suppliers and partners both globally and locally, joining specific associations to streamline definitions and testing methodologies for existing infrastructures.

Ferrero will increase its efforts in plugging leaks from after-use collection systems:
• Providing consumer information on correct disposal together with packaging disassembly and recycling tips
• Evaluating and joining reliable associations to contribute toward a solution

The Ferrero Group will continue to share announcements on these future milestones as part of the journey to make all packaging 100% reusable, recyclable or compostable by 2025.

Nestle cocoa plan


Cocoa is used in many of our foods and beverages, and has always been one of our most important ingredients. The cocoa supply chain features serious challenges, from low incomes for farmers to child labor and gender inequalities. We are tackling these issues through implementing the Nestlé Cocoa Plan in our supply chain.

Sourcing cocoa responsibly

The Nestlé Cocoa Plan helps us to source cocoa sustainably, while tackling child labor, improving the lives of cocoa farmers and the quality of their products.

Our commitment

Roll out the Nestlé Cocoa Plan with cocoa farmers

Our main sources of cocoa

Brazil, Cameroon, Colombia, Côte d’Ivoire, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Ghana, Indonesia, Mexico, Nigeria, Venezuela.

Progress against our objectives

By 2018

Source 175 000 tonnes of cocoa through the Nestlé Cocoa Plan.

Our result: 198 155 tonnes of cocoa sourced through Nestlé Cocoa Plan in 2018.

By 2020

Source 230 000 tonnes of cocoa through the Nestlé Cocoa Plan.

We continue to work to broaden and strengthen the Nestlé Cocoa Plan to create impact for farmers and their communities.

The Nestlé Cocoa Plan

The Nestlé Cocoa Plan’s vision is to improve the lives of farmers in our cocoa supply chain.

The majority of cocoa farmers are smallholders with low productivity and incomes, living in poor communities, with depleted soils and older, less productive trees. They often resort to using their children for tasks that could be harmful to their physical or mental development and are therefore classified as child labor. Women in the cocoa supply chain are often under-rewarded for their work, or not given a voice in their communities.

The Plan is active in the main cocoa-producing countries, with the focus being on the world’s largest sources, Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana. In order to drive industry-wide transparency, we are making available the list of our direct suppliers (Tier 1) and their suppliers (Tier 2) in both Côte d’Ivoire (pdf, 490Kb) and Ghana (pdf, 350Kb).

The Plan operates across three key pillars:

  • Better farming, addressing challenges such as agricultural practices, rejuvenation of plantations and tackling deforestation.
  • Better lives, which seeks to empower women and eliminate child labor.
  • Better cocoa, which covers certification, and building long-term relationships in our supply chain.

Underlying all these activities are transparency and partnerships. We continued our work within the World Cocoa Foundation’s CocoaAction, the industry strategy for cocoa sustainability. We also developed our relationship with UTZ to extend their work from certification to field key performance indicator collection.

Supply chain challenges and solutions

This year, our purchase of cocoa beans exceeded 404,000 tonnes for the first time. We stopped sourcing from the Dominican Republic, as the brand that had used those beans has been sold. This means we will face a challenge in reaching our tonnage target in 2020.

Tackling child labor in our cocoa supply chain

In 2017, we published our first-ever report on child labor in our cocoa supply chain, Tackling Child Labour (pdf, 4Mb). The report sets out our approach to addressing this significant, complex and sensitive challenge.

Our main tool for addressing child labor is our Child Labour Monitoring and Remediation System (CLMRS), which works with cocoa-growing communites to raise awareness of the issue, identify children who are engaged in labor and implement remediation activities. In 2018, the system continued to expand in both Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana, covering more farmers and their children. The number of co-operatives has dipped as we lost some due to failed certification audits. We have continued to fund 21% of children surveyed participating in hazardous tasks in Côte d’Ivoire. The number of children we have helped has progressed well, with a further 11 130 assisted during 2018. Remediation measures included donations of equipment for school, such as notebooks, pens and pencils, the provision of birth certificates, and bridge schools, co-funded by the Jacobs Foundation.

The number of children recorded as no longer working in child labor is frustratingly low. It will be an important focus for us in 2019, together with our partners.

Key child labor performance indicators*

Activity KPIs Country 2016 2017 2018
Number of co-ops in Child Labour Monitoring and Remediation System (CLMRS) Côte d’Ivoire 69 95 89
Number of farmers covered by CLMRS Côte d’Ivoire 37,130 65,486 67,074
Farmers and community members who attended awareness-raising sessions Côte d’Ivoire 193,424 289,657 535,435
Cumulative total of schools built Côte d’Ivoire 42 43 45
Number of children remediated with educational activities Côte d’Ivoire N/A 11,060 19,072
Outcome indicators
Number and % of children participating in child labor Côte d’Ivoire 6,065
11,891 17,590
Number and % of child labor cases assisted Côte d’Ivoire 4,680
6,346 11,130
Number and % of child labor cases no longer in child labor Côte d’Ivoire 82
Number of families of children identified in child labor benefiting from income-generating activities Côte d’Ivoire 1,305 N/A N/A
Volume of Nestlé Cocoa Plan cocoa (tonnes) Global 140,933 186,358 198,155
Nestlé Cocoa Plan cocoa as % of total Nestlé cocoa Global 34% 42.9% 49%

* All data is cumulative from the beginning of the project.

Read more about our commitment to improve workers’ livelihoods and protect children in our agricultural supply chain.

How our Child Labour Monitoring and Remediation System works

The impact of our Child Labour Monitoring and Remediation System

Our Child Labour Monitoring and Remediation System (CLMRS) is fully active in the Nestlé Cocoa Plan in Côte d’Ivoire and is being rolled out in Ghana. The assistance includes supporting activities that improve farmers’ incomes, and activities to help children return to or start school, including the provision of school kits and birth certificates. In particular, we have partnered with the Jacobs Foundation to improve education in disadvantaged communities and ensure children are learning basic literacy and math skills in community schools. This has so far benefited 981 children.

The system’s effectiveness was highlighted in an evaluation survey, which showed that in co-operatives where the system was set up between 2013 and 2015 a reduction in child labor of 51% was seen.

Using technology to help children access education

Within our child labor activities, we have developed Eneza, a project to promote the value of education in cocoa communities using innovative technology, and through this reduce child labor. Through the Eneza project, mobile phones are set up and children sent education content via SMS, including short summaries of national curriculum programs and offline access to Wikipedia and quizzes. Key features include a dedicated team to prepare content, provide administrative and technical support, and an on-the-ground presence to distribute materials. Thanks to Eneza, some 500 primary and secondary pupils in remote areas are now able to access educational material online.

The CLMRS is only sustainable if the farmer organizations can continue to drive the work using the premium they receive from the cocoa. Ensuring this transfer of responsibility is a particular challenge and a focus of our efforts.

The Fair Labor Assocation (FLA) continued its annual auditing of our Côte d’Ivoire supply chain, and its most recent report can be found on the FLA website.

Child labor is also found in our vanilla supply chain and is often the result of the labor-intensive nature of vanilla harvesting. We are working with growers and key partners to address this and provide remedies, such as better access to schools. Read more about what we’re doing in our vanilla supply chain to tackle child labor.

What we’re doing to combat deforestation

Nestlé is committed to eliminating deforestation from our supply chains by 2020. In 2017, we signed the Cocoa and Forests Initiative with the World Cocoa Foundation and the governments of Ghana and Côte d’Ivoire. Following this, we developed an action plan (pdf, 860Kb), including an aim to distribute 2.8 million shade trees in four years.

The Bank of England will release a new £20 note in February 2020

Yesterday, Bank of England Governor Mark Carney unveiled the design of the new £20 note featuring the artist JMW Turner. It will be issued for the first time on February 20th 2020.

The polymer £20 note contains sophisticated security features making it the most secure Bank of England banknote yet. For the first time, the note incorporates two windows and a two-colour foil, making it very difficult to counterfeit.

Polymer notes last longer than paper notes and they stay in better condition during day-to-day use. This note, like the polymer £10, will contain a tactile feature to help vision-impaired people identify the denomination.

The polymer £20 note will join the Churchill £5 and the Austen £10. A new £50 note, featuring Alan Turing, will follow in 2021. The public will begin to see the new £20 from 20 February next year as the notes leave cash centres around the country and enter general circulation.

The public can continue to spend paper £20 notes as usual and these will be gradually withdrawn as they are banked by retailers and the public. Notice will be given six months ahead of legal tender status of the paper £20 being withdrawn.

Commenting on the new note, Carney said: “Our banknotes celebrate the UK’s heritage, salute its culture, and testify to the achievements of its most notable individuals. And so it is with the new £20 banknote, featuring JMW Turner, launched today at Turner Contemporary in Margate. Turner’s contribution to art extends well beyond his favourite stretch of shoreline. Turner’s painting was transformative, his influence spanned lifetimes, and his legacy endures today. The new £20 note celebrates Turner, his art and his legacy in all their radiant, colourful, evocative glory.”

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